The 5 Phases of Disaster Recovery

There are five critical phases to the disaster recovery process. It is important to recognize that each phase must be completed in order for the recovery process to be successful and to prevent future disasters.

Plan and Prepare

This phase consists of developing an effective disaster recovery plan that outlines the company’s response to various types of disasters. This includes conducting risk assessments to identify potential threats, setting up emergency communication systems, training staff on what to do during a disaster, and preparing emergency supplies.

Activate Plan

Once a disaster has occurred, the plan is put into action. This phase includes activating any emergency contact systems and notifying staff of the situation. It also involves implementing crisis management strategies to provide support during the disaster event. The goal of this phase is to reduce the impact of the disaster and ensure safety.

Provide Relief

The goal of this phase is to provide emergency relief to those affected by the disaster. This includes providing temporary housing, emergency food and medical supplies, and any other services needed for basic survival. There may also be emotional and mental health services available to assist those affected by the disaster.


This phase involves rebuilding damaged structures, restoring essential services such as power and water, and getting people back into their homes or businesses. Depending on the severity of the disaster, this can be a lengthy process. For example, after a hurricane or earthquake, it can take months to years for communities to fully recover.


This is the final phase of disaster recovery where more long-term rebuilding efforts take place. This includes repairing infrastructure, replacing destroyed buildings and equipment, and helping affected communities get back to normalcy. It also includes providing resources for businesses to resume operations and for individuals to get back to work. The goal of this phase is to help affected communities get back on their feet and resume their normal lives.

By following the 5 phases of disaster recovery, companies and communities better prepare for disasters, respond and effectively in times of crisis, and rebuild stronger than before. With proper planning, preparation, and response strategies in place, the effects of a disaster can be minimized.